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  • 2012年河北专接本英语模拟试题(二)
    来源:河北教育考试网  时间:2012-04-10   字号:      

      2012年河北专接本英语模拟试题(二)

          All the housewives how went to the new supermarket had one great ambition: to be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the notice just inside the entrance promised. It said: “Remember, once a week, one of our customers gets free goods. This May Be Your Lucky Day!”

          For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hoping. The cupboards in kitchen were full of things which she did not need. Her husband tried to advise her against buying things but failed. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say: “Madam, this is Your Lucky Day. Everything in your basket is free.”

          One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy any tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash-desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. “Madam,” he said, holding out his hand, “ I want to congratulate you! You are our lucky customer and everything you have in your basket is free!”

          51.The housewives learnt about the offer of free goods _____.

          A. on TV           B. from the manager         C. at the supermarket               D. from the newspaper

          52.Mrs. Edwards _____.

          A.is always very busy                                 B.had no friends

          C.hoped to get free shopping                            D.gets disappointed easily

          53.Mrs. Edwards’s husband tried to _____.

          A.make her unhappy                                          B.cheer her up

          C.buy things with her                                 D.stop her buying things

          54.Mrs. Edwards went back to the supermarket quickly because she had to _____.

          A. buy another thing       B. talk to the managerC. pay for her shoppings         D. find her shopping

          55.Mrs. Edwards must have been _____.

          A. pleased         B. delighted                      C. proud                                   D. disappointed

          Passage Two

          Generations of Americans have been brought up to believe that a good breakfast is one life’s essentials. Eating breakfast at the start of the day, we have all been told, and told again, is as necessary as putting gasoline in the family car before starting a trip.

          But for many people the thought of food first thing in the morning is by no means a pleasure. So despite all the efforts, they still take no breakfast. Between 1977 and 1983, the latest year for which figures are available, the number of people who didn’t have breakfast, increased by 33 percent.

          For those who fee pain of guilt about not eating breakfast, however, there is some good news. Several studies in the last few years indicate that, for adults especially, there may be nothing wrong with omitting breakfast. “Going without breakfast does not affect performance,” said Arrold E. Bender, former professor of the nutrition at Queen Elizabeth College in London, “nor does giving people breakfast improve performance.”

          Scientific evidence linking breakfast to better health or better performance is surprisingly inadequate, and most of the recent work involves children, not adults, “The literature”, says one researcher, Dr. Erresto at the University of Texas, “ is poor”.

          56.The latest year for which figures could be obtained is _____.

          A. the year the author wrote the article                                  B. 1977

          C. any year between 1977 and 1983                               D. 1983

          57.For those who do not take breakfast, the good news is that _____.

          A. several studies have been done in the past few years.

          B. the omission of breakfast does no harm to one’s health

          C. adults have especially made studies in this field

          D. eating little in the morning is good for health

          58.“…nor does giving people breakfast improve performance” means _____.

          A. anyone without breakfast does improve his performance

          B. not giving people breakfast improve performance

          C. having breakfast does not improve performance, either

          D. people having breakfast do improve their performance

          59.The word “literature” in the last sentence refers to _____.

          A. stories, poems, plays, etc.                              B. written works on a particular subject

          C. any printed material                                      D. the modern literature of America

          60.What is implied but NOT stated by the author is that _____.

          A. breakfast does not affect performance

          B. Dr. Erresto is engaged in research work at an institution of higher learning

          C. not eating breakfast might affect the health of children

          D. Professor Bender once taught college courses in nutrition in London

          Passage Three

          Banks are not ordinarily prepared to pay out all accounts; they rely on depositors (储户) not to demand payment all at the same time. If depositors should come to fear that a bank is not safe, that it cannot pay off all its depositors, then that fear might cause all the depositors to appear on the same day. If they did, the bank could not pay all accounts. However, if they did not all appear at once, then there would always be enough money to pay those who wanted their money when they wanted it. Mrs. Elsie Vaught has told us of a terrifying bank run that she experienced. One day in December of 1925 several banks failed to open in a city where Mrs. Vaught lived. The other banks expected a run the next day, and so the officers of the bank in which Mrs. Vaught worked as a teller had enough money on hand to pay off their depositors. The officers simply told the tellers to pay on demand. The next morning a crowd gathered in the bank and on the sidewalk outside. The length of the line made many think that the bank could not possibly pay off everyone. People began to push and then to fight for places near the tellers’ windows. The power of the panic atmosphere was such that two tellers, though they knew that the bank was quite all right and could pay all depositors, drew their own money from the bank. Mrs. Vaught says that she had difficulty keeping herself from doing the same.

          61.A bank run happens when _____.

          A. a bank is closed for one or more days

          B. too many depositors try to draw out their money at one time

          C. there is not enough money to pay all its depositors at one time

          D. tellers of a bank take their own money from the bank

          62.The tellers in Mrs. Vaught’s bank were told to _____.

          A. explain why they could not pay out all accounts        B. pay out accounts as requested

          C. make the depositors believe that the bank was standD. pay out money as slowly as possible

          63.The main cause of a bank run is _____.

          A. loss of confidence                                                              B. lack of money

          C. crowds of people                                                         D. inexperienced tellers

          64.Which of the following did Mrs. Vaught say?

          A. She knew that the bank was not sound.

          B. She feared that too many depositors drawing their money would close the bank.

          C. She was not able to draw out her money

          D. She was tempted to draw out her money

          65.According to the passage, the actions of the depositors of Mrs. Vaught’s bank were affected mainly by the _____.

          A. ease with which they could get their money       B. confidence that Mrs. Vaught showed

          C. failure of several other banks to open           D. confidence shown by other depositors of the bank

          Passage Four

          The energy which the sun radiates goes in every direction, and only a minute part of it falls on the earth. Even so, it represents power of about 5,000,000 horsepower (马力) per square mile per day; the sun gives us as much energy every minute as mankind utilizes in a year. At present, we use this energy indirectly, and it is our final source of power. Coal represents the chemical action of the sun on green plants thousands of years ago. Waterpower results from the rain formed by vapor which comes from the evaporation of water under the sunshine. Even windmills operate because of air currents set in motion by the different heating effects of the sun in different places. Some day, through chemistry or some type of solar engine, we shall harness this great source of energy more directly. Already a scientist has worked out an engine, surprisingly efficient, in which the sun’s rays are concentrated through mirrors on a tube of water to create steam.

          66.How much energy given off by the sun reaches the earth?

          A. 100% but indirectly                 B. 5%                  C. 50%                       D. only a very tiny amount

          67.The reason why all the solar energy falling on the earth can’t be utilized is that _____.

          A. only a very small part is available

          B. the sun is too distant from the earth

          C. it takes thousands of years for this energy to be stored up in coal and oil

          D. our scientific knowledge is not sufficient

          68.Which of the following statements is NOT true?

          A. Even windmill’s action depends on the sun.

          B. The sun produces enormous energy for man to make use of.

          C. Some day man will be able to utilize 100% of the solar energy that gets to the earth.

          D. The sun produces different heating effects in different places.

          69.In order to support this argument, the writer gives the example that _____.

          A. a machine using solar energy efficiently has already been developed

          B. the sun is our final source of power

          C. man uses only a tiny part of the sun’s energy

          D. the part of the sun’s energy we use is used indirectly

          70.This passage centers mainly on _____.

          A. harnessing energy through chemistry            B. our last source of power

          C. how water power is produced                       D. the amount of solar energy that can be utilized

          Cloze

          From childhood to old age, we all use language as a means of broadening our knowledge of ourselves and the world about us. When humans first71, they were like newborn children, unable to use this 72 tool. Yet once language developed, the possibilities for human kind’s future 73 and cultural growth increased.

          Many linguists believe that evolution is 74 for our ability to produce and use language. They 75 that our highly evolved brain provides us 76 an innate language ability not found in lower 77. proponents of this innateness theory say that our 78 for language is inborn, but that language itself develops gradually, 79 a function of the growth of the brain during childhood. Therefore there are critical 80 times for language development.

          Current 81 of innateness theory are mixed, however, evidence supporting the existence of some innate abilities is undeniable. 82, more and more schools are discovering that foreign languages are best taught in 83 grades. Young children often can learn several languages by being 84 to them, while adults have a much harder time learning another language once the 85 of their first language have become firmly fixed.

          86 some aspects of language are undeniably innate, language does not develop automatically in a vacuum. Children who have been 87 from other human beings do not possess language. This demonstrates that 88 with other human beings is necessary for proper language development. Some linguists believe that this is even more basic to human language 89 than any innate capacities. These theorists view language as imitative, learned behavior. 90, children learn language from their parents by imitating them. Parents gradually shape their child’s language skills by positively reinforcing precise imitations and negatively reinforcing imprecise one.

          71.       A. generated             B. evolved                 C. born                       D. originated

          72.       A. valuable                B. appropriate            C. convenient             D. favorite

          73.       A. attainments            B. feasibility               C. entertainments       D. evolution

          74.       A. essential                 B. available                C. reliable                   D. responsible

          75.       A. confirm                  B. inform                    C. claim                      D. convince

          76.       A. for                         B. from                       C. of                           D. with

          77.       A. organizations         B. organisms              C. humans                  D. children

          78.       A. potential                B. performance          C. preference              D. passion

          79.       A. as                          B. just as                    C. like                         D. unlike

          80.       A. ideological             B. biological               C. social                            D. psychological

          81.       A. reviews                 B. reference                C. reaction                  D. recommendation

          82.       A. In a word                     B. In a sense               C. Indeed                   D. In other words

          83.       A. various                   B. different                C. the higher                     D. the lower

          84.       A. reveal                    B. exposed                 C. engaged                 D. involved

          85.       A. regulations            B. formations             C. rules                       D. constitutions

          86.       A. Although               B. Whether                 C. Since                      D. When

          87.       A. distinguished         B. different                C. protected               D. isolated

          88.       A. exposition              B. comparison            C. contrast                  D. interaction

          89.       A. acquisition             B. appreciation           C. requirement           D. alternative

          90.       A. As a result            B. After all                C. In other words              D. Above all

           

         

       


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