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  • 2012年河北专接本英语模拟试题(三)
    来源:河北教育考试网  时间:2012-04-10   字号:      

      2012年河北专接本英语模拟试题(三)

      Readingcomprehension

          Passage 1

          There are two factors which determine an individual’s intelligence. The first is the sort of brain he is born with. Human brains differ considerably, some being more capable than others. But no matter how good a brain he has to begin with, an individual will have a low order of intelligence unless he has opportunities to learn. So the second factor is what happens to the individual in the sort of environment in which he is reared (养育). If an individual is handicapped (残疾的) environmentally, it is likely that his brain will fail to develop and he will never attain the level of intelligence of which he is capable.

          The importance of environment in determining an individual’s intelligence can be demonstrated by the case in history of the identical twins, Peter and Mark. Being identical, the twins had identical brains at birth, and their growth processes were the same. When the twins were three months old, their parents died, and they were placed in separate foster (收养的) homes. Peter was reared by parents of low intelligence in an isolated community with poor educational opportunities. Mark was reared in the home of well-to-do parents who had been to college. He was reared as a child, sent to good schools, and given every opportunity to be stimulated intelligently. This environmental difference continued until the twins were in their late teens, when they were given tests to measure their intelligence. Mark’s IQ was 125, twenty-five points higher than the average and fully forty points higher than his identical brother. Given equal opportunities, the twins, having identical brains, would have tested roughly the same level.

          71. The best title of the passage could be___________.

          A) Measuring Your Intelligence             B) Intelligence and Environment

          C) The Case of Peter and Mark                    D) How the Brain Influences Intelligence

          72. Which of the following can sum up the main idea of the passage?

          A) Environment is important in determining a person’s intelligence.

          B) Human brains differ considerably.

          C) The brain a person is born with is important in determining his intelligence.

          D) Persons having identical brains will have roughly the same intelligence.

          73. According to the passage, the average I.Q. is __________.

          A) 85                  B) 125                 C) 110                 D) 100

          74. The case in history of the twins appears to support the conclusion that __________.

          A) individuals with identical brains seldom test at the same level

          B) an individual’s intelligence is determined only by his environment

          C) lack of opportunity blocks the growth of intelligence

          D) changes of environment produce changes in the structure of the brain

          75. This passage suggests that an individual’s I.Q.______.

          A) can be increased by education         B) stays the same throughout his life

          C) can be predicted at birth                  D) is determined by his childhood

          Passage 2

          The fact that blind people can “see” things using other parts of their bodies apart from their eyes may help us to understand our feelings about color. If they can sense color differences then perhaps we too, are affected by color unconsciously.

          Manufacturers have discovered by trial and error that sugar sells badly in green wrappings, that blue foods are considered unpleasant, and the cosmetics (化妆品) should never be packaged in brown. These discoveries have grown into a whole discipline of color psychology that now finds application in everything from fashion to interior decoration. Some of our preferences are clearly psychological. Dark blue is the color of the night sky and therefore associated with passivity and calm, while yellow is a day color with associations of energy and incentive (刺激). For primitive man, activity during the day meant hunting and attacking, while he soon saw as red, the color of blood and rage and the heat that came with effort. And green is associated with passive defense and self-preservation. Experiments have shown that colors, partly because of their physiological associations, also have a direct psychological effect. People exposed to bright red show an increase in heartbeat, and blood pressure. Red is exciting. Similar exposure to pure blue has exactly the opposite effect. It is a calming color. Because of its exciting connotations (涵义), red was chosen as the signal for danger, but closer analysis shows that a vivid yellow can produce a more basic state of alertness and alarm, so fire engines and ambulances in some advanced communities are now rushing around in bright yellow colors that stop the traffic dead.

          76. Manufacturers found out that color affects sales         .

          A) by training over a long period of time         B) by experimenting with different colors

          C) by trying out color on blind people              D) by developing the discipline of color psychology

          77. Our preferences for certain colors are         .

          A) associated with the time of day                     B) dependent on our character

          C) linked with our primitive ancestors         D) partly due to psychological factors

          78. If people are exposed to bright red, which of the following things does NOT happen?

          A) They breathe faster.                                 B) They feel afraid.

          C) Their blood pressure rises.                       D) Their hearts beat faster.

          79. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

          A) Color probably has an effect on us which we are not conscious of.

          B) Yellow fire engines have caused many bad accidents in some advanced communities.

          C) People exposed to pure blue start to breathe more slowly.

          D) The psychology of color is of some practical use.

          80. Which of the following could be the most suitable title?

          A) The Discipline of Color Psychology.       B) Color and Its Connotations.

          C) The Practical Use of Color.                        D) Color and Feelings.

          Passage 3

          Charles Steinmets, at the age of twenty-seven, was already famous as an electrical genius and was becoming known as a warm-hearted, unusual character. One bitter winter day, an electrical engineer entered Charles’ small laboratory to discuss a problem. He found the youthful scientist working in an overcoat, fur cap and boots, his hands blue with cold. The engineer could not resist asking Charles why he hadn’t built a fire. Charles replied that a mouse had babies in his stove and they were not old enough to move.

          Born in Germany over a century ago, Charles specialized in mathematics, chemistry, and electrical engineering. In 1889 he emigrated to the United States and found work in a factory located in Yonkers, New York. Although he was offered an important job by the General Electric Company he decided not to accept it. Soon however, the General Electric Company purchased the company in Yonkers where Charles worked. He then moved to Schenectady, New York, and continued his experiments. Out of his laboratory came many experimental discoveries and over two hundred patents. Around that time electricity was used only as direct currents, flowing in one direction. It could not be sent more than several miles from the generator that supplied the power. The experiments that Charles conducted helped the electrical industry move forward in giant strides. One of his major contributions was the simplification of alternating current. In addition to his books on the theory of alternating current, he was also known for studies of lighting.

          81. This passage is mostly about            .

          A) the growth of the General Electric Company           B) the character of the famous scientist

          C) working conditions for scientists                              D) a mechanical engineer

          82. The passage refers to “direct current”, what does it mean in this story?

          A) the flow of an electrical change                            B) a small factory

          C) an electrical cord                                                 D) something that is happening right now

          83. The scientist’s hands were blue from        .

          A) a disease                                                    B) bruise caused by his work

          C) ink in the laboratory                                           D) the cold

          84. What do you think the other people in Charles’s life thought of him as a person?

          A) An eccentric, difficult person who cared only for his friends.

          B) An intelligent, admirable person who cared for all human life.

          C) A man out to gain all the status he could from his talent.

          D) A quite hard-working old man just trying to do his work.

          85. In the beginning of the passage, an engineer came to see Charles. What happens to Charles next?

          A) He moves away to a city in New York.

          B) He can’t figure out how to do the work the engineer wants.

          C) He gets sick from the cold in his laboratory.

          D) He’s offered a job in Germany.

          Passage 4

          Archaeology, like many academic words, comes from Greek and means, more or less, “the study of old things”. So, it is really a part of the study of history. However, most historians use paper evidence, such as letters, paintings and photographs,but archaeologists learn from the objects left behind by the humans of long ago. Normally, these are the hard materials that don't break down or disappear very quickly—things like human bones and objects made from stone and metal.

              It is very unusual to find anything more than the hard evidence of history--normally, the bacteria (细菌) in the air eat away at soft materials, like bodies, clothes and things made of wood. Occasionally, things are different.

              In 1984, two men made an amazing discovery while working in a bog called Lindow Moss, in the north of England. A bog is a very wet area of earth, with a lot of plants growing in it. It can be like a very big and very thick vegetable soup—walk in the wrong place and you can sink and disappear forever. The men were working when one of them saw something sticking out—a human foot! Naturally, the men called the police,who then found the rest of the body. Was it a case of murder? Possibly--but it was a death nearly two thousand years old. The two men had found a body from the time of the Roman invasion of Britain. Despite being so old, this body had skin, muscles, hair and internal organs—the scientists who examined him were able to look inside the man's stomach and find the food that he had eaten for his last meal!

              Why was this man so well preserved? It was because he was in a very watery environment, safe from the bacteria that need oxygen to live. Also, the water in the bog was very acidic. The acid preserved the man's skin in the way that animal skin is preserved for leather coats and shoes.

              How did he die? Understandably, archaeologists and other scientists wanted to know more about the person that they called,“Lindow Man”. His hands and fingernails suggested that he hadn't done heavy manual work in his life—he could have been a rich man. They found that he hadn't died by accident. The archaeologists believe that he was sacrificed to three different gods.

          86. Which language does the word “archaeology”come from?

             A. French.       B. Greek.     C. Roman.     D. German.

          87. The word “these” in the first paragraph refers to_______.

             A. letters        B. photographs   C. paintings    D. objects

          88. Which of the following helped to preserve“Lindow Man”?

             A. Ice and Iow temperature.      B. Bacteria and oxygen.

             C. Soil and energy.              D. Acid and water.

          89. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

            A. “Lindow Man”was named after the person who first found him.

            B.  Historians usually use paper evidence, while archaeologists use hard evidence.

            C. “Lindow Man” was found by two archaeologists in the south of  England.

            D. “Lindow Man”was good at manual work.

          90. Which is the best title for the passage?

            A. What Is Archaeology?

            B. Archaeology and History

            C. An Amazing Archaeological Discovery

            D. The Death of“Lindow Man”

          Cloze

          We have quite a bit of information about ancient Egyptian medicine. Doctors' instructions have been found to tell us 56 they did for the sick and the injured. 57 many of the treatments included magic, ancient Egyptians used plant leaves and other methods to treat many 58 .

              Religion, magic and medicine were 59 related in ancient Egypt. Some priests (牧师) were specially 60 as doctors to 61 the sick and the injured. Doctors were held to a high moral standard. Patients was treated with 62 and their 63 information was highly secret. The highest-ranking doctors were priests of the goddess Sekhmet, 64 controlled illnesses. Doctors spent a part of each year 65 the goddess. Doctors were thought to be 66 to the gods and able to ask them for healing.

             Temples were centers for healing. 67 a person was ill, he or she would come to the temple or 68 a doctor for a diagnosis (诊断). A(n) 69 problem was treated with medicine, prayer and magic. If a clear cause was not 70 , the diagnosis would be that the illness was caused by an evil spirit or cUrse. The doctor would use magic spells to 71 a cure. 72 , a diagnosis could not be reached. 73 this case, a patient would be told to rest for a period of time 74 another examination could be 75.

          56. A. what        B. why                      C. that                D. which

          57. A. When              B. Since               C. Although                  D. After

          58. A. damages           B. diseases             C. disasters             D. destructions

          59. A. hardly      B. closely                    C. mainly              D. shortly

          60. A. trained             B. designed            C. planned              D. studied

          61. A. look to             B. come to              C. care for             D. search for

          62. A. reputation    B. inspection                 C. fame               D. respect

          63. A. ill                 B. own                      C. hidden                    D. personal

          64. A. that               B. which               C. who                      D. what

          65. A. serving             B. reading             C. learning             D. following

          66. A. careful             B. generous            C. mean                D. close

          67. A. Before             B. When               C. Until               D. Since

          68. A. think over   B. apply to                   C. call for              D. make up

          69. A. serious             B. internal             C. odd                D. obvious

          70. A. treated             B. discovered                 C. cured                     D. aroused

          71. A. bring about  B. set out              C. insist on             D. make up

          72. A. Subsequently        B. Consequently       C. Occasionally         D. Hopefully

          73. A. With               B. In                  C. For                 D. On

          74. A. until               B. when               C. although            D. because

          75. A. decided            B. performed           C. carried              D. discussed

         

         

       


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